西周公卣

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年代:

西周

尺寸:

通高22.3厘米,腹围53.5厘米

1965年屯溪市(今黄山市屯溪区)弈棋三号墓出土

卣体呈垂腹状。盖冠两侧有犄角,做喇叭状盖握。提梁两端做兽首。器身以云雷纹为地纹,盖及腹部均饰以垂冠交缠的凤鸟纹,凤鸟顾首而立,整体略凸出于器表。颈部饰以顾首龙纹,其间以兽面为隔断。提梁以蝉纹为主体装饰。盖及底部内壁上有“公作宝尊彝,其孙子永用”十字铭文。公卣造型规整,纹饰绚丽华美,具有典型的中原地区风格。

Gong You is a bronze drinking vessel with phoenix designs. Its body is covered by gorgeous and smart designs. Its neck is decorated with Kui (a one-legged monster in fable) patterns. Cicada patterns are carved on the handles with animal head-shaped embossment. The cover and belly parts are covered by symmetrical phoenix designs. The birds turn their heads backward with their crests crossing. The implement looks similar to the implements of its kind discovered in the Central Plains in terms of shape and design. But you can find that it is of unique style through careful observation. Look at the phoenix patterns. Although the two birds face each other, their crests cross with each other instead of drooping independently. That makes the bird patterns more vivid and dynamic. There are the same ten-character inscriptions on the cover and the bottom of the implement, which literally mean “Master made this wine vessel for the permanent use by his descendants”. This is a rare precious bronze artwork.

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